3 edition of Necrosis of the anterior pituitary associated with pregnancy and the puerperium. found in the catalog.
Necrosis of the anterior pituitary associated with pregnancy and the puerperium.
Written in English
Microfilm of article in Western Journal of Surgery, vol. 50, 1942, pp. 293-6.
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Sheehan's syndrome (SS), previously known as Simmond's disease (pituitary cachexia), is a rare condition characterized by infarction and necrosis of the anterior pituitary gland (adenohypophysis. This is a shortened version of the fifteenth chapter of the ICD Pregnancy, childbirth and the covers ICD codes O to OAll versions of the ICD, including the most recent one (), can be browsed freely on the website of the World Health Organisation (WHO). The ICD can also be downloaded in PDF-form.. Chapter XV of ICD deals with conditions occurring during.
In the vast majority of prolactin deficiency states, the deficiency occurs secondary to general anterior pituitary dysfunction. The most commonly associated condition is postpartum pituitary necrosis (Sheehan syndrome); however, prolactin deficiency can also be caused by anterior pituitary impairment secondary to pituitary (or extrapituitary) tumor or treatment of tumor, parasellar diseases. Postpartum pituitary necrosis symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment information for Postpartum pituitary necrosis (Sheehan Syndrome) with alternative diagnoses, full-text book chapters, misdiagnosis, research treatments, prevention, and prognosis.
Sheehan syndrome refers to pituitary apoplexy of a nontumorous gland, presumably due to postpartum arterial spasm of arterioles supplying the anterior pituitary and its stalk. In , Sheehan reported 11 cases of women who died in the puerperium, all of whom had necrosis of the anterior pituitary gland (adenohypophysis). Sheehan HL: Postpartum necrosis of the anterior pituitary. Br Med Bull , Heider AL, Juller JA, Strauss RA, et al: Peripartum cardiomyopathy: A review of the literature. Obstet Gynecol Surv , PubMed: James AH, Bushnell CD, Jamison MG et al: Incidence and risk factors for stroke in pregnancy and the puerperium.
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SUMMARY Postpartum necrosis of the anterior lobe of the pituitary is not uncommon. In four years 25 examples of the recent and healed stages of the lesion have been found in the obstetric autopsies in this hospital, and 10 of these cases are recorded in this by: Diverse pathologic conditions affect the central nervous system (CNS) and pituitary gland during pregnancy and the puerperium.
Some are specific to the physiologic process of reproduction (eg, eclampsia, postpartum cerebral angiopathy, Sheehan syndrome, lymphocytic adenohypophysitis).Cited by: About 9 hr after surgery, brain MR imaging was performed because her symptoms persisted.
The scan revealed an enlarged anterior pituitary gland with no area of enhancement in the center of the pituitary gland after contrast administration, suggesting pituitary necrosis (Fig.
2).The Synacthen test result was normal and other pituitary hormones were within normal range (adrenocorticotrophic Cited by: 7. Apart from single cases with post-mortems reported by Jakob () Case 2 and Sheehan () Case 12 there seems to be no record of a subsequent pregnancy in a patient who has had a post-partum necrosis of the anterior pituitary, and no references to the Cited by: ABSTRACT A year-old woman with severe diabetes mellitus since the age of 7 developed anterior pituitary insufficiency after pregnancy toxaemia with hypofunction of the thyroid, ovaries and.
During pregnancy, the anterior pituitary enlarges greatly; pituitary weight increases by about 33%, as does cross-sectional area and gland. This enlargement results in an upward convexity of the superior surface of the gland when visualized by: 2.
Pregnancy is a period of significant changes in the function of the entire endocrine system in women's health. During this time, the production of polypeptide and steroid hormones by the fetal-placental unit results in physiologic changes of most maternal organs. These changes are necessary for the organ systems to adapt to the functional requirements of the mother and the : Charikleia Chourpiliadi, Rodis Paparodis.
SS means deficiency of anterior pituitary hormone resulting from infarction and necrosis of the physiologically enlarged pituitary gland of pregnancy, usually preceded by postpartum hemorrhage (PPH).
Till the disease was known as Simmond's disease and was believed to be due to thrombosis or bacterial emboli in hypophyseal arteries. pituitary gland during normal pregnancy, the placenta as a source of new hormones, and pituitary disorders during pregnancy.
Anatomical changes in the pituitary gland during pregnancy The size and shape of the pituitary depend on the sella turcica; therefore, there is.
Clinically nonfunctioning pituitary tumors seldom are associated with pregnancy. In pituitary adenomas, treatment is often necessary to control hormonal hypersecretion and tumor mass effect related to infertility. Other causes of infertility include lymphocytic hypophysitis and Sheehan by: 1. postpartum necrosis of the anterior pituitary: production of subsequent pregnancy Author links open overlay panel H.L.
Sheehan M.D., Manc. (DIRECTOR OF RESEARCH, GLASGOW ROYAL MATERNITY AND WOMEN'S HOSPITAL ; AND) Robin Murdoch M.B. by: Antepartum pituitary necrosis is a rare medical condition that has only been reported in pregnant women with type I diabetes attributable to diabetes-related vasculopathy and hypercoagulability.
The classical studies of Sheehan have shown that the pituitary gland is very vulnerable during pregnancy and puerperium. 1 This vulnerability may lead to partial or even total hypopituitarism.
INTRODUCTION. Pituitary apoplexy is defined as a clinical syndrome that may include headache, visual deficits, ophthalmoplegia, or altered mental status due to an expanding mass within the sella turcica resulting from hemorrhage and/or necrosis 2, 13) or infarction.
This syndrome occurs most frequently in preexisting pituitary adenomas, but infarction may also occur in an apparently normal Cited by: UNRECOGNIZED PITUITARY NECROSIS (SHEEHAN'S SYNDROME) A CAUSE OF SUDDEN DEATH S.
Leon Israel, M.D. and Alfred S. Conston, M.D., Philadelphia The clear relationship between a destructive lesion of the anterior portion of the hypophysis and the striking deficiencysyndromeassociated with it was first described by Simmonds, who attributed the.
R.D Reekie has written: 'Necrosis of the anterior pituitary associated with pregnancy and the puerperium' -- subject(s): Pregnancy, Puerperal state, Pituitary gland.
Anterior pituitary insufficiency is an uncommon disease. The etiology includes destruction of the anterior pituitary gland by tumors, infarction (postpartum necrosis or Sheehan's syndrome), idiopathic disease (Simmonds' disease), surgery, and radiotherapy to the pituitary gland.
A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes. It means "not coded here". A type 1 excludes note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as OA type 1 excludes note is for used for when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
Mental and behavioral disorders associated with the puerperium - instead, use Code F53 Obstetrical tetanus - instead, use Code A34 Postpartum necrosis of pituitary gland - instead, use code E Puerperal osteomalacia - instead, use code M Anatomic changes in the pituitary in normal pregnancy Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans performed during pregnancy demonstrate a gradual increase in maternal pituitary volume over the course of gestation, with an increased final weight ( mg), as well as a volume increase of 30% above the pregestational volume.
This enlargement re. R.D Reekie has written: 'Necrosis of the anterior pituitary associated with pregnancy and the puerperium' -- subject(s): Pregnancy, Puerperal state, Pituitary gland Asked in Pregnancy Tests.Pituitary gland and pregnancy. Pregnancy is associated with normal physiological changes in endocrine system that assists fetal survival as well as preparation of labor.
The anterior.Prolactin-mediated anterior pituitary hypertrophy during pregnancy seems to render the gland susceptible to ischemic necrosis in the presence of hypovolemic shock, and it is most frequently associated with hemorrhagic shock in the latter stages of labor.